WIT Press


Computational Prediction Of Hygrothermal Conditions In Innovated AAC-based Building Envelopes

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/HT100251

Volume

68

Pages

11

Page Range

291 - 301

Published

2010

Size

3,076 kb

Author(s)

J. Maděra, V. Kočí, J. Kočí, J. Výborný & R. Černý

Abstract

Hygrothermal conditions in innovated AAC-based building envelopes are studied in the paper, using computational analysis with exactly measured hygric and thermal transport and storage properties as input parameters. The applied computational model of heat and moisture transport in multi-layered systems of porous materials is based on the Galerkin finite element approach. The computer code written in C++ is used in a series of computational simulations. Climatic data corresponding to the test reference year for Prague are used as boundary conditions, so that cyclic wetting and drying occurs in the envelope. The results of computer simulations of moisture and temperature fields are then utilized in the subsequent service life analysis. On the basis of changes of moisture and temperature, particularly the number of wetting-drying cycles and frost cycles the durability of the AAC envelopes is assessed. Keywords: AAC building envelope, heat and moisture transport, computational simulation, service life estimation. 1 Introduction Autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) is a structural material which is commonly used around Europe, particularly as it combines ease of construction with excellent combination of its mechanical and thermal properties. However, the empirical principles employed in construction design until now have led to serious failures which may have serious consequences for the future practical

Keywords

AAC building envelope, heat and moisture transport, computational simulation, service life estimation