WIT Press

Heat Transfer Increase With Thin Fins In Three Dimensional Enclosures


Free (open access)





Page Range

157 - 165




3081 kb

Paper DOI



WIT Press


R. L. Frederick & S. Samper


Heat transfer enhancement with highly conductive, thin vertical fins attached to the hot wall of a differentially heated cubical enclosure is numerically investigated. Two such fins attached to the hot wall were found to promote heat transfer enhancements of over 40% with respect to the unfinned case at Ra = 105 -107. This is one of the highest enhancements found to date in cavities of low aspect ratio. At a Rayleigh number of 108, enhancements were lower, suggesting that this Rayleigh number marks the upper utilization limit of fins in enclosures to promote heat transfer. Results show that for further heat transfer optimization, sensitivity to variables as the fin thickness and length should be studied. Keywords: natural convection, differentially heated cavities, fins. 1 Introduction Although heat transfer in differentially heated cavities with fins on the active walls has been extensively studied, very few works have considered the three dimensional problem of a cubical cavity with vertical fins added to the hot wall. The extensive literature on the heat transfer effect of horizontal fins attached to one of the vertical active walls of rectangular enclosures [1-8] can be briefly summarized as follows: In low aspect ratio cavities, fins cause heat transfer reductions relative to the unfinned cavity at the same Rayleigh number if their thermal conductivity is low, while as thermal conductivity increases, fins cause moderate enhancements.


natural convection, differentially heated cavities, fins