Experimental And Numerical Investigation Of Mixed Flow In A Gallery
Free (open access)
317 - 327
S. Erpicum, F. Kerger, P. Archambeau, B. J. Dewals & M. Pirotton
Experimental investigations on a physical model of a gallery performed in the Laboratory of Structures Hydraulics at the University of Liege are presented. The study focuses on the influence of the gallery aeration rate on the mixed flow pattern and the pressure distribution. In particular, the effect of air vents on the flow patterns and the release capacity of the gallery are assessed. An unusual mechanism leading to a two-phase instability is also pointed out when the aeration rate is not sufficient. Experimentations are completed with numerical computations performed with an original 1D model developed by the authors to give new insight into the mechanisms involved. Keywords: hydraulics, mixed flows, civil engineering, aeration.
hydraulics, mixed flows, civil engineering, aeration