WIT Press


CFD Simulation Of A Stratified Flow At The Inlet Of A Compact Plate Heat Exchanger

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/MPF070081

Volume

56

Pages

11

Published

2007

Size

747 kb

Author(s)

M. Ahmad, J. F. Fourmigue, P. Mercier & G. Berthoud

Abstract

The work described in this paper considers 3D CFD (computational fluid dynamics) simulations of an adiabatic stratified liquid-vapor flow at the inlet of a compact plate heat exchanger using the commercial CFD code \“FLUENT” and an in-house code \“NEPTUNE 3D” developed by CEA and EDF. An experimental loop is built up that represents a compact plate heat exchanger in which the liquid and vapor flow rates in the different channels are measured and the flow inside the cylindrical distributor of diameter greater than that of the inlet tube can be visualized. The numerical predictions showed the good agreement with the experimental measurements. The interfacial shear stress was calculated in a steady stratified flow and compared with the computed shear stresses by the two codes. Keywords: two-phase flow, maldistribution, CFD simulation, separated phase model, compact heat exchangers. 1 Introduction Mal-distribution of two phase flow is the main cause of the deterioration of the thermal and hydraulic performances of heat exchangers and it is mainly affected by the flow pattern at the condensers or evaporators inlets (Ahmad et al [1]). The purpose of our study is to find a modeling tool capable of simulating some possible two phase flow patterns in compact heat exchangers. One of the most current flow patterns observed in the inlet tube of a heat exchanger is the stratified flow. Few authors have tested the CFD simulation models to study the distribution in heat exchangers. Jones and Galliera [4] used FLUENT to simulate singlephase flow distribution in the manifold that performed well in calculating the

Keywords

two-phase flow, maldistribution, CFD simulation, separated phase model, compact heat exchangers.