WIT Press

Analysis Of Water Condensation And Two-phase Flow In A Channel Relevant For Plate Heat Exchangers


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J. Yuan, C. Wilhelmsson & B. Sundén


Water vapor condensation and two-phase flow appear in plate heat exchangers being used as condensers. Analysis of water phase change and flow dynamics is an important but complicated task due to large change in water physical/transport properties across the water liquid-vapor interface boundary. In particular, a singular-link behaviour in Navier-Stokes (N-S) equations is present due to the large step change in the density when computational simulation methods are applied. Conventional methods using ensemble averaged parameters such as void fraction cannot be applied to cases where high-resolution calculations and detailed analysis are required. In this study, a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) approach is presented for analysis of water vapor condensation and twophase flow in a channel relevant for plate heat exchanger parallel plates. The developed model is based on the governing equations which are directly solved for the entire single- and two-phase fields. The water phase change and twophase flow are treated by employing a water liquid-phase fraction factor based on the total enthalpy in each computational cell. The factor is defined as the ratio of the total enthalpy differential to the latent heat of condensation. The density, viscosity and conductivity of the two-phase region are calculated and updated based on the calculated value of the liquid-phase fraction factor until a converged result is reached. It is revealed that, among others, the inlet vapor velocity has significant effects on the water phase change and two-phase flow in the channel, in terms of liquid-water fraction factor distribution. Keywords: water, condensation, two-phase flow, model, analysis.


water, condensation, two-phase flow, model, analysis.