WIT Press


Internal Solitary Waves

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/AFM040211

Volume

45

Pages

10

Published

2004

Size

297 kb

Author(s)

R. Grimshaw

Abstract

Internal solitary waves are an ubiquitous feature of the coastal ocean and atmospheric boundary layer.We will review the use of the variable coefficientKorteweg de Vries equation, and the extended Korteweg de-Vries equation (that is, with an extra cubic nonlinear term), to model these waves. We will describe both the adiabatic theories for slowly-varying solitary waves, and the results from numerical simulations. Particular emphasis will be placed on the consequences when the coefficients of either of the nonlinear terms undergoes a sign change, which may lead to a radical and non-adiabatic change of the wave- form. 1 Introduction Solitary waves are finite-amplitude waves of permanent form which owe their existence to a balance between nonlinear wave-steepening processes and linear wave dispersion. Typically, they consist of a single isolated wave, whose speed is an increasing function

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