WIT Press


EFFECT OF NOZZLES’ CHARACTERISTICS ON PV AEROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/AFM180231

Volume

120

Pages

7

Page Range

229 - 235

Published

2018

Size

501 kb

Author(s)

LIRON SHANI, RONEN S. LAUTMAN, BOAZ NISHRI

Abstract

This paper presents results from a CFD analysis that highlights the effect of nozzles’ characteristics on the performance of PV aeromechanical systems. PV aeromechanical systems enable accurate positioning of thin flexible substrate by creating an air cushion between the substrate and an accurate rigid surface, having bi-directional aeromechanical spring-like behavior. Nozzles can be described as the relation they allow between flow (Q) and pressure drop across them (Δp): Δp ∝ Qn where n depends on the characteristic behavior and (in this work) is between 1 and 2. The characteristic behavior depends on the mechanism by which pressure is reduced. The mechanism can be dominated by inertial effects, by viscous effects, or by a combination of both inertial and viscous effects. It was found that aeromechanical performance is very sensitive to the nozzles’ characteristic. An air cushion with high aeromechanical stiffness and constant flow rate is achieved by combining vacuum nozzles of exponent n=1 and pressure nozzles of exponent n=2.

Keywords

CFD, air floating, non-contact handling, aeromechanical spring