WIT Press


A MODEL FOR CAVITATION-INDUCED PRIMARY BREAK-UP OF VISCOUS LIQUID SPRAYS

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/MPF170121

Volume

115

Pages

8

Page Range

111 - 118

Published

2017

Author(s)

RATHESAN RAVENDRAN, BENNY ENDELT, JESPER DE CLAVILLE CHRISTIANSEN, PETER JENSEN

Abstract

In this paper, a new model for cavitation induced primary break-up is proposed, which is able to map the influence of cavitating nozzle flow on spray formation. The model is applicable for viscous liquid sprays, where the Reynolds number is below 800. For such viscous spray systems, liquid break-up is enhanced when cavitation bubbles burst at the nozzle exit. The proposed model describes the transition from the flow inside the nozzle, modelled using a homogeneous equilibrium model (HEM) method, to the first primary droplets modelled using a Eulerian-Lagrangian method. Thus, providing the boundary conditions for the calculation of the secondary break-up and spray formation. The nozzle exit is divided into a definite number of patches, and liquid momentum and density from each patch are used to initialize the primary droplets. Using this method, the influence of bursting cavitation bubbles and asymmetrical properties of viscous sprays can be identified. The model has been implemented in the open-source CFD software package OpenFOAM and a first validation has been done using high-speed shadowgraphic imaging.

Keywords

spray formation, cavitation, primary break-up, numerical simulation, viscous liquids, OpenFoam