WIT Press


Sensoristic Approach To Biological Damage And Risk Assessment

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/RAV060271

Volume

99

Pages

10

Published

2006

Size

932 kb

Author(s)

L. Campanella & C. Costanza

Abstract

A review is proposed of various types of sensoristic approaches to biological damage and risk assessment. The traditional approach to the toxicity evaluation of a matrix based on the determination of toxic concentration is replaced by a sensoristic one. Some sensors that are able to detect risky and dangerous situations and to evaluate them by screening and marker procedures are presented. The marker indexes we propose are total organic carbon, total radicalic concentration, integral toxicity and ecopermanence. Keywords: TOC analysis, ecopermanence, TiO2 photosensor, biosensor, integral toxicity assessment, human tissue biosensor. 1 Introduction There are a continuously increasing number of compounds, both newly discovered and already known, which are disposed of into the environment and then pass into the food chain. Very complicated controls and analysis are required to ascertain whether there are any risks to citizens and users. These analyses are generally very costly so they are not always completed – and if they are completed, it may not be as frequently as is necessary – and they are not permitted everywhere. It is also to be observed that sometimes the obtained results show that the fear of pollution of the considered matrix is disproportionate, as the pollution level is insignificant and below dangerous levels, so that analysis could have been avoided, but obviously this cannot be foreseen. So a new approach must be more opportunely adopted: the approach of the "crossing light", preliminary screening and markers. The first step of this

Keywords

TOC analysis, ecopermanence, TiO2 photosensor, biosensor, integral toxicity assessment, human tissue biosensor.