WIT Press


Computational Biomimetics Of Twisted Plywood Architectures In Fibrous Biological Composites Through Chiral Liquid Crystal Self-assembly

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/DN040471

Volume

73

Pages

10

Published

2004

Size

2,366 kb

Author(s)

G. De Luca & A.D. Rey

Abstract

Despite being made of relatively simple materials, fibrous biological composites exhibit remarkable mechanical and physical properties [1]. These hierarchical materials frequently adopt a laminated architecture known as twisted plywood. In most cases this structure is monodomain (i.e. defect free), in which the fibrillar direction rotates around a single axis. However, not infrequently the twisted plywood architecture is found to be polydomain in which case there is multitude of local axis of rotation instead of a single one. In the latter case, the structure presents defects and it is therefore weakened. The origin of the twisted plywood structure is rather complex and has yet to be fully understood. Nevertheless it is strongly believed that liquid crystalline states

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