New Procedure For Designing Optimised Technical Systems With Use Of Biological Objects
Free (open access)
V. Lysenko & K. Zimmermann
New procedure for designing optimised technical systems with use of biological objects V. Lysenko1 & K. Zimmennann2 1Minsk Polytechnic, Belarus 2Department of mechanical engineering, TU-Ilmenau, Germany Abstract Increasing attention is given to support all design stages in modem computing systems for design and development except for the most fundamental one: search new principles of operation and idea generation. Using CAD, CAM and similar systems does not necessarily provide a significant improvement of the quality of the product. A new approach and development of special problem-solving methods and procedures at the initial design stages of optimised technical systems is presented. The methods are based on the principles of special transformation techniques, transforming images of a technical or biological object into a technical device by means of graphical modelling in the form of computer animation. Biological objects as prototypes are used preferably due to the fact that during millions of years of evolution their principles of motion have been developed contemplating minimal energy losses. 1 Introduction In the literature several methods of techniques finding technical solutions, sets of software products supporting the process of technical systems design and a selection of technologies to be implemented are described [l, 2, 3, 41. Nevertheless, having well developed tools of the analysis, these methods frequently have no effective solving tools for problems. The essential design stage, which is discovering ideas for new functional principles of technical systems, is based almost entirely on the know-how of the engineer and does seldom evolve by means of the computer. Graphical modelling of technical objects operating in the form of computer animation opens new opportunities for engineers.