WIT Press

Estimation Of Health Damage Due To Emission Of Air Pollutants By Cars: The Canyon Effect

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/AIR990441

Volume

37

Pages

10

Published

1999

Size

899 kb

Author(s)

J.V. Spadaro & A. Rabl

Abstract

Since current epidemiological evidence suggests that air pollution has harmful effects even at typical ambient concentrations and the dispersion is significant over hundreds to thousands of km, the estimation of total health damage involves consideration of local and regional effects. In recent years, several estimates have been published of health damage due to air pollution from cars, in particular by Delucchi et al of UC Davis and by the ExternE Project of the European Commission. To capture the geographic extent of pollutant dispersion, local and regional models have been used in combination. The present paper addresses a potentially significant contribution to the total damage, not yet taken into account in these studies: the increased concentration of pollutants inside urban st

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