WIT Press


THE FIRST CHEMICAL IDENTIFICATION OF POLYOLEFIN (PO) WASTE BLENDS USING INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/WM180381

Volume

231

Pages

12

Page Range

415 - 426

Published

2019

Author(s)

SULTAN MAJED AL-SALEM

Abstract

Locally, the State of Kuwait is in need of good practices and national strategies that can take advantage of the accumulated solid waste, ridding the environment of various issues and stressors. In this work, compounded rolls of the various samples originating from plastic solid waste were used for the preparation of the test specimens. Samples were compounded to have the following percentages of virgin linear low density polyethylene and plastic film waste (wt./wt.%): 100/0, 75/25, 50/50, 25/75 and 0/100. The samples were compounded using blown film extrusion with a die head temperature of 175°C. Films of the different formulations were exposed to accelerated weathering in accordance with test method ASTM D 4329. Samples were mounted on the racks facing the ultra violet lamps with no empty spaces in the panels. This is in order to maintain a uniform repeatable test condition in accordance with cycle A procedure. The chemical printing of the evolved chemicals was achieved using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy and the spectra were recorded with a resolution of 4 cm-1 using Diamond Universal ATR attachment. Four interferogram scans were averaged to give the spectra from 500 to 5000 cm-1 using the Attenuated Total Reflection technique. A noted reduction in the carbonyl index determined from the FTIR spectra of the 75/25 samples supports the claim of the relative stability of the blend. This can lead to the development of a product from waste plastic material that reduced the burden of accumulation in developing and developed societies alike. In addition, the thermal properties determined along with the degradation kinetics parameters estimation revealed after the execution of this research project, have shown the stability of the blend for further development as a standalone product.

Keywords

plastic waste, polymer, solid waste, spectroscopy, carbonyl index, polyolefin