The Effects Of Sand Mining On Rural Communities
Free (open access)
443 - 453
A. Mngeni, C. M. Musampa, M. D. V. Nakin
Sand mining and its associated activities serves as a source of livelihoods for entire communities whilst on the other hand it can trigger conflicts and violation of human rights. This study is aimed at assessing the socio-economic impacts caused by sand mining in the rural communities of the Wild Coast of South Africa. In order to achieve this aim, focus group discussions, transect walks, and questionnaires were used. The results of the study indicate that sand mining serves as a source of income to communities through the generation of jobs for both youths and adults. Unfortunately, it also triggers tensions between government officials and members of the community. A holistic approach in resource management is proposed.
sand, mining, livelihoods, community, Wild Coast