WIT Press


Analysis Of The Chemical Constitutions Of Yaojie Shale Oil In China By Gas Chromatography–mass Spectrometry (GC–MS)

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/ESS140081

Volume

206

Pages

10

Page Range

91 - 100

Published

2015

Size

658 kb

Author(s)

W. Wang, S. Y. Li, Y. Liu, D. K. Qiu, Y. Ma, J. X. Wu

Abstract

The shale oil from Yaojie oil shale (YSO), Gansu Province, was subjected to acid-base separation to obtain acidic, basic and neutral fractions. The three fractions were characterized by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC– MS). The GC−MS analysis showed that the neutral fraction (84.39wt %) contained C8~C33 normal alkanes, C8~C27 alkenes, benzene, naphthalene, phenanthrene (or paranaphalene) and other constitutions containing more than one benzene rings; the acid fraction (2.44wt%) mainly contained phenol, naphthol and indenol. Diphenol series were also identified in the acid fraction; the basic component (3.41wt%) consist of phenylamine, derivatives of pyridine, quinoline series. In this paper, the composition of YSO was widely investigated at the molecular level. The chemical composition of YSO provides important theoretical data for technology development.

Keywords

shale oil, oil shale, GC–MS