WIT Press


The Thermal Retrofitting Of Walls, Windows And Ceilings In Traditional Scottish Buildings

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/ESUS150271

Volume

195

Pages

9

Page Range

317 - 325

Published

2015

Size

440 kb

Author(s)

J. Stinson, J. Bros Williamson, A. Reid, J. Currie

Abstract

This paper documents research undertaken to evaluate the thermal transmittance of building elements – walls, windows and ceilings – both before and after the addition of insulation in traditionally constructed Scottish buildings. Thirteen different types of insulation (both natural and synthetic) were assessed during the study in a range of buildings.

The study found that in each instance where an insulation material was installed, regardless of location and method, an improved U-value of at least 38% was recorded, with a maximum improvement of 88%. On average, solid wall insulation, either applied to the cavity, internal lining, or external face, reduced the U-value by 59%, secondary glazing reduced the window U-value by 75%, and ceiling insulation reduced the U-value by 77%.

Keywords

conservation, preservation, historic building, retrofit, thermal performance