Cultural Districts And Territorial Development: The New Forest National Park
Free (open access)
175 - 187
A. Villacampa & C. Brebbia
Society has recently started to focus on how cultural planning can improve the development of a territory promoting tourism, manufacture, arts and crafts and the growth of local settlements. This contemporary approach takes into consideration the management of the resources of a territory including new regulations for social and economical improvements based on a sustainable intervention and administration of the land. Landscape is nowadays considered as a material heritage that has to be protected and developed. These requirements have introduced the concept of landscape planning as a tool for re-concealing competing land uses while protecting natural processes and significant cultural and natural resources. This way, the identity of a territory can be defined, protected and managed by local authorities, public administration and its own inhabitants. The involvement of local communities in a territorial network offers visitors a major enjoyment of the national parks and protected areas related to these ecosystems. The idea of a cultural district based on landscape heritage is an asset for territorial improvement with consequences for urban settlements growth, architecture and transport. The regulations required by cultural green districts for their proper management imply many stakeholders. The aim of this paper is to identify, analyze and classify these actors for a better understanding of the territorial system of a green district. The paper will focus on the New Forest National Park due to its origins and ancient existence. The importance of the context of the New Forest will be exemplified by a particular case study: the Wessex Institute of Technology as an illustration of conservation and integration with the environment. Keywords: cultural planning, territorial development, territorial management, national park, cultural heritage, landscape planning, green district.
Keywords: cultural planning, territorial development, territorial management, national park, cultural heritage, landscape planning, green district.