WIT Press


Phthalate And Alkylphenol Removal Within Wastewater Treatment Plants Using Physicochemical Lamellar Clarification And Biofiltration

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/WP120311

Volume

164

Pages

12

Page Range

357 - 368

Published

2012

Size

381 kb

Author(s)

A. Bergé, J. Gasperi, V. Rocher, A. Coursimault & R. Moilleron

Abstract

Endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) have been found in surface waters worldwide. They are known for exerting adverse effects on animals of many species, including humans. EDCs comprise compounds of anthropogenic origin. They can enter waterways via either discharges from wastewater treatment plant (WWTPs), combined sewer overflows (CSO) or atmospheric deposition. In this work, the fate and removal of four phthalates and two alkylphenols: Diethyl phthalate (DEP), Di-n-Butyl phthalate (DnBP), Butyl Benzyl phthalate (BBP), Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), nonylphenol (NP) and octylphenol (OP) were investigated within a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) using lamellar clarification and biofiltration. This plant receives about 240,000 m3 d−1 of wastewater. The whole treatment process comprises: screening, grit removal, primary sedimentation using coagulant and flocculant, followed by biofiltration units. Phthalates and alkylphenols were monitored at three locations, including raw sewage, before primary treatment, decanted effluents, before biological treatment, and final effluents, just before discharge to receiving waters. Nine campaigns were performed in 2011 during different seasons. In raw wastewater, DEHP was the major compound (32.42 to 71.88, median 42.95 μg.l-1), followed by DEP (7.00 to 36.03, median 21.00 μg.l-1) and NP (4.08 to 10.63, median 5.95 μg.l-1). Other compounds averaged few μg.l-1. During the WWTP treatment, DEP becomes major contaminant (0.46 to 6.77, median

Keywords

phthalates, alkylphenols, endocrine disrupting compounds, lamellar clarification, biofiltration