WIT Press


Determining A Priority Order Between Thermic Utilization Processes For Organic Industrial Waste With LCA

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/WM120151

Volume

163

Pages

14

Page Range

153 - 166

Published

2012

Size

769 kb

Author(s)

V. Mannheim & Z. Siménfalvi

Abstract

The persistent organic pollutants (POPs) waste take the main place in the group of organic industrial waste and the residues of the POPs waste generated in the processes of the chemical industry. There are green chemistry methods and some other treatment approaches for decreasing the quantity of the organic industrial waste, but currently thermic treatment processes are the most popular alternatives. This paper summarises thermic utilisation processes with a comparison between the different technologies, stressing factors affecting their applicability and operational suitability. The Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) can play an important role in such research. With the application of LCA for the Waste-to-Energy (WtE) technologies, their economic and environmental efficiency can be determined. Their advantages and disadvantages are examined in such a multi-component matrix. The LCA software GaBi 5 Professional is the basis for life-cycle impact assessment. The research can set up prognoses and models with LCA analyses and the conscious application of scientific methods, which can offer a prognosis for untested situations. While examining the above viewpoints, it worked out a new mathematical method which, in addition to the LCA, takes time and probability into consideration with the combination of a programming language, and which may mark a new direction for solutions and decision making in waste management. Despite the fact that chemical industry and environmental protection are closely interlocked, there is fairly poor national and international professional literature available about the two connected professions. Keywords: POPs waste, life cycle assessment, thermic treatment processes, GaBi 5 professional software, new mathematical model.

Keywords

POPs waste, life cycle assessment, thermic treatment processes, GaBi 5 professional software, new mathematical model.