WIT Press


Microbiological Quality Of The Sand Beaches In Portugal

Price

Free (open access)

Volume

15

Pages

10

Published

1996

Size

982 kb

Paper DOI

10.2495/CENV960171

Copyright

WIT Press

Author(s)

B. Mendes, J. Nascimento, P. Urbano, C. Alves, N. Lapa & J.S. Oliveira

Abstract

An evaluation of the microbiological quality of sand from thirthy one Portuguese beaches, in five different zones, was undertaken since May to October of 1994. The following microbial parameters were analysed in the sand samples, collected in three areas according the distance from sea front: total coliforms, faecal coliforms, faecal Streptococci (EnterococciClostridium, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Candida sp and other fungi. The level of contamination may be related to direct or indirect microbial contamination from beach users. The data showed good or satisfactory microbiological quality of the sand beaches

Keywords