WIT Press


Modelling Of Groundwater Contamination By Landfill Leachate

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/WRM110401

Volume

145

Pages

12

Page Range

459 - 470

Published

2011

Size

827 kb

Author(s)

S. Top, G. Varank, A. Demir, E. Sekman & M. S. Bilgili

Abstract

The objective of this study is to investigate the transport of phenolic compounds existing in leachate through landfill liner systems by assessing the groundwater quality. Four identical pilot-scale landfill reactors with different alternative composite liners (2 mm high-density polyethylene (HDPE) geomembrane, 10 + 10 cm compacted clay, 2-cm-thick bentonite and 10 + 10 cm compacted clay liner (CCL), 2-cm-thick zeolite and 10 + 10 cm CCL) were simultaneously operated for a period of about 540 days for this purpose. Wastes representing Istanbul municipal solid wastes were disposed in the reactors. To represent bioreactor landfills, reactors were operated by leachate recirculation. Phenolic compounds of leachate were analyzed by using Gas Chromatograph. The change of phenolic compounds concentration in groundwater samples were modeled by using modified Gompertz equation. Keywords: modelling, leachate, phenolic compounds, groundwater contamination. 1 Introduction Leachates from municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills and various discarded products contain a wide mixture of chemical pollutants as dissolved organic matter; inorganic macro components; heavy metals; xenobiotic organic compounds [1]. The issue of xenobiotic organic compounds (XOCs) in landfill leachates have been addressed in a number of studies [1–6]. The XOCs include a variety of aromatic hydrocarbons, phenols, chlorinated aliphatics, pesticides, and plastizers. Among them, phenol is the precursor to the synthesis of many organic compounds and is of high concern because of potential toxicity [7]. Phenol and

Keywords

modelling, leachate, phenolic compounds, groundwater contamination