Carbon Dioxide Balance And Cost Analysis For Different Scenarios Of Solid Waste Management
Free (open access)
445 - 456
D. Panepinto & G. Genon
The final destination of municipal solid wastes requires the realization and localization on the territory of important industrial plants (separation plants, WtE systems, final landfills, and also other innovative solutions, like digesters or gasifiers), together with the important aspects of cost; careful consideration is also required about the effects of externality, chiefly concerning carbon balance, with reference to GHG production. Taking into account the necessity to define the choice for the rational individuation of the most correct waste management system, in the present work we evaluated a specific Italian case relative to the waste management for a city located in Piedmont (North Italy): it is important to consider that the amount of wastes that are produced in this city corresponds to about 540.000 t/y. For the correct management of this load we considered different scenarios, by introducing thermal structures (direct incineration and gasification plants) and other complementary systems (mechanical separation plants, anaerobic digesters). The alternative scenarios have been carefully studied and compared from the environmental and economic point of view in order to obtain suitable choice criteria. The results of the specific case analysis clearly indicate the environmental and economic convenience of the solution based on the direct incineration. Keywords: incineration, gasification, anaerobic digestion, carbon dioxide balance, cost analysis, social costs.
incineration, gasification, anaerobic digestion, carbon dioxide balance, cost analysis, social costs