WIT Press


Influence Of CO2 On The Corrosion Behaviour Of 13Cr Martensitic Stainless Steel AISI 420 And Low-alloyed Steel AISI 4140 Exposed To Saline Aquifer Water Environment

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/AIR090371

Volume

123

Pages

10

Page Range

409 - 418

Published

2009

Size

1,083 kb

Author(s)

A. Pfennig & A. Kranzmann

Abstract

The CCS technique involves the compression of emission gasses in deep geological layers. To guarantee the safety of the site, CO2-corrosion of the injection pipe steels has to be given special attention when engineering CCSsites. To get to know the corrosion behaviour samples of the heat treated steel AISI 4140, 42CrMo4, used for casing, and the martensitic stainless injectionpipe steel AISI 420, X46Cr13 were kept at T=60°C and p=1-60 bar for 700 h- 8000 h in a CO2-saturated synthetic aquifer environment similar to the geological CCS-site at Ketzin, Germany. The isothermal corrosion behaviour obtained by mass gain of the steels in the gas phase, the liquid phase and the intermediate phase gives surface corrosion rates around 0.1 to 0.8 mm/year. Severe pit corrosion with pit heights around 4.5 mm are only located on the AISI 420 steel. Main phase of the continuous complicated multi-layered carbonate/oxide structure is siderite FeCO3 in both types of steel. Keywords: steel, pipeline, corrosion, carbonate layer, CCS, CO2-injection, CO2- storage.

Keywords

steel, pipeline, corrosion, carbonate layer, CCS, CO2-injection, CO2- storage