Safety Of Users In Road Evacuation: Modelling And DSS For LFA In The Planning Process
Free (open access)
453 - 464
F. Russo & C. Rindone
In this paper main modelling tools and Decision Support System (DSS) to support evacuation planning in urban system are presented. Project Cycle Management (PCM), integrated with the Logical Framework Approach (LFA), is adopted to link the goals, outcomes, outputs with the strategies and inputs in the internal planning process. Main DSS to support PCM and LFA are presented. Keywords: planning process, evacuation plan, logical framework approach, software. 1 Introduction To plan a system in emergency conditions it is necessary to assess risk and its relative components: probability, vulnerability and exposure . In this paper we analyse evacuation planning to reduce exposure. Evacuation planning has developed for different systems (single building, land system, transportation system, industrial system) [2, 8, 33]. In recent years, some modelling tools and Decision Support System (DSS) are developed to assist decision makers into prepare evacuation plans [23, 31]. Assessment monitoring and prediction tools are indicated in U.S. guidelines to support an evacuation [4, 6, 7]. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) have analyzed possible impacts of various hurricane hazards to determine the amount of response time necessary to
planning process, evacuation plan, logical framework approach, software.