WIT Press

Impact Of Biogenic Volatile Organic Compound Emissions On Ozone Formation In The Kinki Region, Japan


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585 - 594




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WIT Press


A. Kondo, B. Hai, K. L. Shrestha, A. Kaga & Y. Inoue


The standard Biogenic Volatile Organic Compound (BVOC) emissions from ten Japanese plant species were measured by using a growth chamber where temperature and light intensity can be controlled. These species were selected due to their abundance in the estimated domain of the Kinki region. The BVOC emissions in Kinki region during July 2002 were estimated by revising the standard BVOC emissions from temperature and light intensity which were calculated by MM5. The two types of the ozone calculation were carried out by CMAQ. One was the calculation with BVOC emissions (BIO). Another was the calculation that assumes BVOC emissions to be zero (NOBIO). The maximum ozone concentrations of BIO reasonably reproduced the observed maximum concentrations in especially the fine days. The hourly differences of monthly average ozone concentrations between BIO and NOBIO had the maximum value of 6ppb at 2 p.m. The explicit difference appeared in urban area, though the place where the maximum of difference occurred changed. It was shown that the BVOC emitted from the forest area strongly affected the ozone generation in the urban area. Keywords: biogenic volatile organic compound, ozone, MM5, CMAQ, growth chamber. 1 Introduction The photochemical oxidant gives the damage to human and vegetations. In Japan the standard of the photochemical oxidant was regulated in 1970 and due to the useful countermeasure, the photochemical oxidant concentration had decreased until 1990. However, recently the photochemical oxidant concentration has been


biogenic volatile organic compound, ozone, MM5, CMAQ, growth chamber.