WIT Press

High-resolution Air Quality Modelling And Time Scale Analysis Of Ozone And NOx In Osaka, Japan


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429 - 438




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K. L. Shrestha, A. Kondo, A. Kaga & Y. Inoue


The ozone pollution in the Osaka region is mainly influenced by the long-range transport of tropospheric ozone or its precursors from outside in winter but nearly 50% of the total ozone is chemically produced by regional emissions in summertime. The effects of the regional transport and the chemical production of ozone by regional emissions in summertime can be analysed by spectral decomposition of the time series and studying the inherent intra-day, diurnal and longer-term time scales in the time series of ozone and NOx. The relative contributions of these time scale components associated with different physical processes are also used to evaluate the performance of air qualitymodels in simulating ozone and NOx.We used the Japanese national emission data with resolution of 10-km and 1-km resolution in the MM5-CMAQ modelling system for the nested simulation in Osaka with the finest domain having 1-km grid size. Among the different time scales, diurnal time scale has the highest correlation for ozone, and longer time scale has the highest correlation for NO and NO2. Spatial variation in the simulation of NOx is evident from the study of correlation of diurnal and longer-term time scales, with higher correlations in the longer-term time scale. Overall, the time scale analysis of ozone and NOx time series has proved useful for detailed quantitative analysis of the air quality modelling in Osaka. Keywords: time scale analysis, air quality evaluation, urban air quality, MM5, CMAQ. 1 Introduction Since the ozone concentration is affected by cyclic patterns of meteorological forcings as well as the anthropogenic influences such as traffic emission of NOx


time scale analysis, air quality evaluation, urban air quality, MM5, CMAQ.