Application Of A Combined Risk-based, Remedial And Redevelopment Methodology On A Former Cokes Plant
Free (open access)
P. Schrooten, A. Coopman & V. Kindt
Many former cokes plants and gasworks sites are characterised by heavily contaminated (PAH, TPH, creosote, cyanide, BTEX, etc) soils and groundwater and are presently situated in economically interesting and valuable locations (near city centres, close to roads and waterways). To determine the potential for redevelopment of these brownfield sites, an evaluation tool was developed based on three main steps: Risk, Remediation and Redevelopment (RRR). This methodology was applied on the former Carcoke cokes plant located in the Zeebrugge harbour area, Belgium. In a first step the human health risks posed by the known contaminations were quantified for different protective scenarios for each individual area of a grid superposed on the site. These scenarios went from no protection measures to a removal and isolation of the contamination. In a second step six potential redevelopment scenarios were evaluated based on their minimum infrastructural needs and potential for human exposure. In a third step the protection measures were converted in concrete remedial actions taking into account feasibility and local legislation. For each remedial technique and each area a cost was determined. The combination of the three steps (RRR) lead to a matrix that was used to determine the optimal redevelopment scenario with a minimal remedial cost and sufficient guarantee to prevent exposure. The RRR-methodology reduced the remedial costs by over 30% compared to the initial more traditional risk-based remedial plan. It also determined what areas were not suitable for build-on activities (warehouse, offices) taking into account \“reasonable” remedial costs to sufficiently reduce the exposure risk. The methodology was also used to allow for temporary use of the site as an outdoor storage facility taking into account the necessary protection measures. Keywords: risk-based, remediation, redevelopment, cokes plant, gasworks, cost reduction, land-use, soil contamination, human health, evaluation methodology.
risk-based, remediation, redevelopment, cokes plant, gasworks, cost reduction, land-use, soil contamination, human health, evaluation methodology.