WIT Press


Desertification And Population Health In The Turkmenistan Part Of The Aral Sea Region

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/EHR010261

Volume

5

Pages

10

Published

2001

Size

1,178 kb

Author(s)

N. Orlovsky, V. Raalzinsky and L. Orlovsky

Abstract

Desertification and population health in the Turkmenistan part of the Aral Sea region N. Orlovsky*, V. Radzinsky^ & L. Orlovsky* *J. Blaustein Institute for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negevjsrael * Russian University of People's Friendship, Moscow, Russia Abstract The main causes of desertification in the Aral Sea Basin are the regulating of flow of Amudarya and Syrdarya rivers resulted in the sharp reduction of the Aral Sea level, subsequent change of regional climate towards aridization and continentality, increase of irrigation and drinking water mineralization, pollution of surface and ground water by municipal wastes and the residues of agrochemicals, deposition of salts transferred from the exposed and dried bottom of the Aral Sea, The high level of water, air and soil pollution in combination with extreme climatic conditions inevitably affect the health of women and children leading to unfavorable outcomes of pregnancy and births, health

Keywords