WIT Press

Design of nature tourism transportation in Kulon Progo from Yogyakarta International Airport to Borobudur


Free (open access)


Volume 6 (2022), Issue 3



Page Range

236 - 252

Paper DOI



WIT Press


S. Suyoto., Imam Basuki, Victoria Sundari Handoko


Starting April 29, 2022, New Yogyakarta International Airport (YIA) will open international flights. Public transportation from YIA to natural tourist destinations does not yet exist because of the up and down road conditions, and the road width varies from 2.5 to 7.5 m. This study will design an intelligent medium-sized vehicle using the Internet of things (Iot) for nature tourism transportation from YIA to Borobudur. The plan is for the current state of the COVID-19 pandemic and its challenges. This study uses observations and interviews to collect data to examine experiential aspects of natural tourism transportation in 2021. The data collected is on nature tourism packages and transportation from YIA to Borobudur. The result is an intelligent medium-sized vehicle design with 18 seats consisting of 16 passenger seats, one driver seat and one tour guide seat. The vehicle is equipped with three CCTVs or video cameras, global positioning system (GPS) sensors on cars to monitor vehicle position and fuel consumption, motion sensors, GPS on mobile phones, RFID sensors and other Iot sensors. The proposed vehicle is feasible with a load factor is 75% and fare IDR 200,000/passenger, then the benefit-cost ratio is 1.3118, the payback period is 2 years and 11 months, and the internal rate return is 0.506491. 


Borobudur, IoT, nature tourism, public transport, Yogyakarta International Airport.