INFLUENCE OF HIGH-SPEED TRAIN POWER CONSUMPTION ON A NOVEL GROUND FAULT IDENTIFICATION METHOD FOR 2 × 25 KV RAILWAY POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS
Free (open access)
Volume 1 (2017), Issue 3
471 - 480
J. SERRANO, C.A. PLATERO, M. LÓPEZ-TOLEDO & R. GRANIZO
Nowadays, the most commonly used configuration to supply high-speed trains is 2 × 25 kV power supply system. The location of ground faults in 2 × 25 kV power supply systems is a difficult task, since the use of distance protection relays to localize ground faults positions doesn’t work properly as the relation between the distance and the impedance seen by the distance protection relays is not linear and therefore the location is not accurate enough. A new simple and economical method to identify the subsection between autotransformers (ATS) and the conductor (positive or negative) where the ground fault is happening, based on the comparison of the angle between the current and the voltage of the positive terminal in each autotransformer, was developed recently. Consequently, after the identification of the subsection and the conductor with the ground fault, only this subsection where the ground fault is present, will be quickly removed from service, with the minimum effect on rail traffic. The high-speed trains demand a power about 12–16 MW, hence a significant current flow through the conductors of the 2 × 25 kV power system. This paper presents a study about the influence of the current consumed by the high-speed trains on this novel ground fault identification method. The operation of the method is correct even with the high-speed train currents in the section with a ground fault. This fact has been validated through numerous computer simulations, obtaining excellent results.
fault location, ground faults, protection, 2 × 25 kV, railways