Hurricane resilience indicators in Mexican Caribbean coastal cities
Free (open access)
Volume 6 (2016), Issue 4
755 - 763
O. FRAUSTO, A. VAZQUEZ, L. ARROYO, L. CASTILLO & M.L. HERNÁNDEZ
The use of indicators to prevent hurricane impacts locally is a new tool in the area of climate change and resilience. However, many critics the methods for designing these indicators, mainly those resulted from bottom-up and top-down models. Based on the social-ecological analysis, it is defined coastal urban resilience for hurricanes under the bottom-up and top-down model, with the support of experts and other key actors in the integral hurricane management in three coastal cities in the Mexican Caribbean: Chetumal, Tulum and Playa del Carmen. Thus, the objective of the present research is to generate coastal urban resilience indicators that comprehend the complex learning system, adaptation and self-organization in hurricanes. Indicators measures three spatial levels: local, regional and global and one temporal (1-year cohort of 1990). Besides, the following are the three dimensions of indicators: A. Resilience capacities (history of hurricane impacts). B. Consequences (management and self-organization). C. Learning and behaviors (in front of effects and damages).
disasters prevention, monitoring, risk management, urban resilience.