WIT Press

Fostering sustainable development by empowering indigenous abilities: The border zone case of rural south Lebanon


Free (open access)


Volume 14 (2019), Issue 2



Page Range

130 - 140

Paper DOI



WIT Press


Georges Gharios


In lebanon, traditional customs and practices of water use evolved into lore still prevailing today. In south lebanon, rural communities adapted to the characteristic scarcity in water resources of the region by harvesting and storing rainwater in birket. These open-air reservoirs constitute one of the many ancestral water practices that are the most appropriate for adaptation to uncertain changes and future water management. Despite the potential for more frequent and severe droughts in the future, and current sporadic formal access to water, birket-s are actually declining in numbers. In this paper I ask: what can be done to strengthen traditional social water arrangements and how can we reclaim them to better face the current and future water management problems? I first examine the set of laws, written and unwritten, at play. Then I analyse two cases of reclaimed birket-s to better understand the social and economic aspects of their functions in the community. I argue that this forms a palimpsest of legislative and administrative water competence that is better able to address uncertainty and water insecurity. 


Communal pools, Custom and practices, Rainwater harvesting, South Lebanon, Water Insecurity.