THE ROLE OF BIM FOR SAFETY AND SECURITY MANAGEMENT
Free (open access)
Volume 13 (2018), Issue 1
49 - 61
FABIO GARZIA & MARA LOMBARDI
A vital component of any type of organization for the prevention of incidental events and/or voluntary attacks against people and tangible and intangible assets as well as for their protection when incidental events and/or voluntary attacks happen is represented by safety and security management. Because of the incessant development of new dangers and threats, safety and security management requests unceasing updating, by means of powerful and flexible tools, such as BIM, which must be integrated via a multidisciplinary approach, considering also economic features that must optimized from the cost/benefit point of view. Integrated technological systems represent efficient tools to create solutions than can support safety and security management in a competent manner, considering also budgets optimization. For this reason, it is necessary to utilize a wide-range approach which, thanks to its flexibility, allows for the realization of an integrated multidisciplinary model for safety and security management (IMMSSM) which can be supported by a suitable Integrated Technological System Framework (ITSF), even based on Internet of Everything (IoE). To achieve an operative IMMSSM, it is necessary to optimize the available tools from the cost/benefit point of view. This goal represents a difficult challenge because, in general, restricted funds are available. From this point of view, efficient and flexible tools, such as BIM, represent vital elements to obtain solutions characterized by an optimal cost/benefit ratio. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the role of BIM for safety and security management, showing its peculiar features from this point of view and its versatility both for the realization of resourceful IMMSSM and related ITSF, even based on IoE.
BIM, Genetic Algorithms, Internet of Everything, Internet of Things, IoE integrated system, safety management, security management