WIT Press


MODELING AND CALIBRATING CAPACITY OF LARGE ROUNDABOUTS



Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/SDP-V9-N1-54-73

Volume

Volume 9 (2014), Issue 1

Pages

19

Page Range

54 - 73

Author(s)

HASHIM M.N. AL-MADANI & ANTONIO PRATELLI

Abstract

Roundabout models, available in the literature widely, vary between one method and another. Majority of the models are solely based on circulating flow to estimate capacity. The relationship between maximum entry flow of large dual and triple lane roundabouts and their geometric and traffic characteristics is investigated here for saturated flow condition using multivariate analysis. The developed model, based on the data gathered from 13 roundabouts in Bahrain, matched the field data reasonably well. The significant predictors, out of 60 tested ones, included circulating and exiting flows, number of entry and circulating lanes, circulating and entry widths, inscribed diameter and flare length. Capacities predicted through various international models varied considerably with both the developed model and the field data. The international models were then calibrated against the model, and consequently the field data, so as to have significant match with the two. The procedure followed in developing the model and calibrating the international models consisted of eight stages. It involved identification of significant correlation of individual predictor with capacity, multivariate regression analysis, model smoothing, multi-collinearity test, redevelopment of the model after adjusting the variables causing collinearity, comparison analysis with seven known international models and calibration of the international model. While UK, aaSIDRA and French models required around 50% reduction to match the developed model and actual data; US FHWA and Swiss models required 25% reduction and US HCM and German models required just 8% adjustments. Such clear variations call for further research. The findings assist the urban planners as when to shift from one type of intersection control into another involving roundabout, and vice versa.

Keywords

Adjustment factor, calibration, circulating flow, exiting flow, maximum entry flow, roundabout capacity