CRISIS OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT BY BUS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: A CASE STUDY FROM BRAZIL
Free (open access)
Volume 8 (2013), Issue 3
348 - 361
RENATA ALMEIDA MOTTA, PAULO CESAR MARQUES DA SILVA & MARCIO PEIXOTO DE SEQUEIRA SANTOS
This article discusses the problems faced by many developing countries in urban public transport by bus and suggests that most of their systems are in need of comprehensive rehabilitation and reform. It also indicates the imperative necessity of establishing priority for collective over individual transport in these countries. Besides, it analyzes the evolution of demand for urban bus service in Brazil, showing the reasons for its decline over the past 16 years, although it has stabilized somewhat recently. Trends regarding population aging, average income, unemployment rate, infl ation, bus fare, fuels prices and several other indicators are examined to delineate measures that may help the demand for urban bus service in Brazil to grow, which can also benefit developing countries that may learn from Brazil’s lessons.
Brazil, crisis, demand, developing countries, mass transport, public transport, social exclusion, sustainability, trends, urban bus service.