FURTHER DEVELOPMENTS ON BIODIESEL PRODUCTION AND APPLICATIONS IN BRAZIL
Free (open access)
Volume 6 (2011), Issue 2
119 - 134
O. VALENTE, M. SILVA, R. ÁVILA, J. VIANNA & J. SODRÉ
Environmental concerns have motivated many countries to search for solutions to reduce fossil fuel consumption. In the last few years, biodiesel has attracted attention as a possible sustainable and renewable energy source to substitute diesel oil. Biodiesel can be produced from different oleaginous plants, but there are worries about food competition and forests and biodiversity-rich areas devastation to produce biodiesel. Even considering biodiesel as a promising solution, its production impacts must be carefully evaluated. This work examines the Brazilian prospects for biodiesel production and use as an engine fuel for automotive propulsion and power generation. The potential for biodiesel production of many native and adapted oleaginous plants in Brazilian territory is discussed. Experimental results of hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide emis-sions from a diesel power generator fuelled by blends of diesel oil and castor oil or soybean biodiesel are also presented.
biodiesel, carbon emissions, castor oil, renewable energy, sustainable development, soybean