RECLAMATION OF DERELICT INDUSTRIAL LAND IN PORTUGAL: GREENING IS NOT ENOUGH
Free (open access)
Volume 5 (2010), Issue 4
343 - 350
L. LOURES & T. PANAGOPOULOS
A negative effect of the globalization on industry over the past decades was a vast array of obsolete industrial facilities and the various impacts, which were generated from them. In this context, abandonment, sale or demolition of such facilities, were fairly common approaches. However, the creation of new and more severe environmental legislation, the high price of urban land, and the public pressure related with the need to protect the environment, increased the number of post-industrial sites that returns to productive use. Within every problem there is an opportunity. Derelict and contaminated industrial sites have high potential for urban regeneration, ecological restoration and reintegration into the surrounding community. To exemplify the importance of those spaces in the urban landscape, this paper will analyze two industrial reclamation projects realized in Portugal during the last decade (Parque Tejo-Trancão – Expo 98 and Braga Stadium – Euro 2004). The significance of these projects in achieving a sustainable urban landscape is discussed. This article shows that the industrial landscape should be viewed as a resource and its recovery as an opportunity to develop new multifunctional landscapes in which new forests are indispensable.
brownfield, city regeneration, design, land recycling, landscape reclamation