ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS OF AIRPORT NODES: A METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH
Free (open access)
Volume 5 (2010), Issue 2
192 - 204
Airports are a local source of environmental impacts that should be estimated and evaluated in order to promote the right development of these transport nodes. The aim of this paper is to present a methodological approach to identify the environmental impacts produced by an airport node, particularly atmospheric pollution produced not only by aircraft but also by land vehicles for handling operations and airport connections, given the airport multifunction role as well as its interchange multimodal function. The identified methodology is formed by several steps; the most relevant ones address the estimation of the air transport demand (linked to the number of aircraft movements) and the car mode share to go in and out of the airport. The proposed methodology is useful in order to establish standard procedures to identify the airport environmental impact footprint for a sustainable development of the air transport within the larger transport system.
air transport demand module, airport catchment area module, airport nodes, carbon footprint, environmental impact assessment, ground movement module, transport function