WIT Press


Approach to solving the e-waste problem – case study Ghana



Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/SDP-V12-N6-1050-1060

Volume

Volume 12 (2017), Issue 6

Pages

10

Page Range

1050 - 1060

Author(s)

A. HOELTL, R. BRANDTWEINER & R. MÜLLER

Abstract

The market for electrical devices still continues to increase all over the world and as a consequence the quantity of waste in the category of electronics rises. A huge proportion of the electronic waste is exported from the industrial countries to developing countries, in order to save costs, and also because of too few recycling plants in industrial countries. The significant environmental and social problem in this context is that the electronic devices are mostly recycled in informal plants. Thereby the burden for the people as well as the environment increases because e-waste includes a lot of toxic substances. The negative impacts are already obvious in countries of importation. This paper will illustrate this on the basis of the case study in Ghana in Africa. The problem is evident, and research, business as well as governments aim to counter this development. The paper will investigate the current approaches employed for solving the e-waste problem with respect to legal options and also regarding voluntary agreements and the provision of information about the actual situation to the consumers.

Keywords

EEE, electronic waste, e-waste export, Ghana, recycling, WEEE, environmental and social problems.