WIT Press

A comparative study of conceptual design and prototype for DC-TRAD using EV powertrain for RTW DC in KT city


Free (open access)


Volume 7 (2022), Issue 1



Page Range

59 - 72

Paper DOI



WIT Press


S.K. Arun, I.N. Anida, P. Walker, J.S. Norbakyah & A.R. Salisa


This paper is an overview of electric vehicle (EV) conceptual model development in SIMULINK; this involves components of an EV which include driver input, motor and controller, battery and the calculation of parameters with a dashboard viewing interface in which all parameters can be monitored from the dashboard. The paper focuses on comparisons of specifications and costing of an EV and a fuel-powered vehicle on route-to-work driving cycle for Kuala Terengganu city (RTW DC for KT city). A few parameters of EV were chosen to be interpreted: time, distance travelled, average speed, average running speed, average acceleration, average deceleration, acceleration percentage, deceleration percentage, idling percentage, cruising percentage, kWh and fuel costing, battery voltage, current, state-of-charge (SOC) and power. Through this, detailed overview of EV efficiency can be concluded and proven. This paper applies four methods: parameter calculation, EV modelling, data collection on RTW DC for KT city using driving cycle tracking device and validation of EV with RTW DC for KT city. The validation of the model is successful, and the travelling with the EV is proven to be more cost- efficient compared to that with fuel-powered vehicles.


driving cycle, electric vehicle, energy, route-to-work for Kuala Terengganu, SIMULINK.