WIT Press

Conversion of lignocellulosic biomass in biobutanol by a novel thermal process


Free (open access)

Paper DOI



Volume 4 (2019), Issue 4



Page Range

298 - 310


Maricelly Martinez, Xavier Duret, Doan Pham Minh, Ange Nzihou & Jean-Michel Lavoie


This work aims at demonstrating the possibility of producing 2-butanol from lignocellulosic biomass through a new thermochemical approach. The production of biobutanol was carried out using different lignocellulosic feedstock through a 3-step process: first the whole lignocellulosic biomass is hydrolyzed under acid catalyst to produce levulinates, then the levulinates go through decarboxylation to produce 2-butanone which is, in a final step, reduced to produce of 2-butanol. The experimental conditions for the first two steps of the process were optimized using the response surface methodology (RSM). The latter could represent an opportunity for the production of economical second-generation butanol without having to go through the classical pathway requiring the production of sugar prior to microbial conversion.


homogeneous and heterogeneous catalyst, Lignocellulosic biomass, levulinates, platform chemicals, pyrolysis, 2-butanol, biofuel