WIT Press

Crack Propagation In Compressive Residual Stress Fields Of Crankshafts: Experimental Study And Numerical Simulation

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/SECM050231

Pages

10

Size

793 kb

Author(s)

C. Gardin, S. Courtin, G. Bézine, D. Bertheau & H. Ben Hadj Hamouda

Abstract

This study deals with the influence of roller burnishing on fatigue crack propagation in the fillet of a crankshaft. Destructive tests have enabled us to obtain crack kinetics and shapes in a specimen close to the geometry of the crankshaft. The beneficial effect of roller burnishing has been confirmed on both crack initiation and propagation. Some cracks have even been stopped. These mechanisms are likely to be linked to the compressive residual stresses induced, and observed crack closure. At the same time, a numerical predictive method of the crack propagation in roller-burnished specimens has also been implemented and gives good results. It is based on a step-by-step process of stress intensity factor calculations by elastic finite element analyses on models with an initial roller burnishing stress field. A numerical modification concerning experimental crack closure has to be considered. The proposed method and the developed experimental discussion seem to possibly be extended to the case of the crankshaft. Keywords: crack propagation, fatigue, roller burnishing, fracture mechanics, stress concentrators, crankshaft. 1 Introduction Roller burnishing is a very commonly used industrial process. It involves a local plastic deformation on surface that permits the fatigue strength of structures to be increased. Crack propagation is indeed delayed by the introduction of

Keywords

crack propagation, fatigue, roller burnishing, fracture mechanics, stress concentrators, crankshaft.