Integration Of Fishery Management Into The Process Of Maritime Spatial Planning
M. Kopti, R. Aps, M. Fetissov & Ü. Suursaar
This paper discusses possible solutions to the problem of integrating fishery management into the process of Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP) and exemplifies the issue by analyzing the potential solution for the place based management of the Gulf of Riga herring fishery in the Pärnu Bay (Baltic Sea). According to the latest scientific advice, the total landings of the Gulf of Riga herring are above the Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY) level and from the Precautionary Approach point of view, the stock is harvested unsustainably. According to the Ecosystem Approach to fisheries, the fishing capacity should be balanced with the herring stock available both at international and national level. Integration of the Gulf of Riga herring fisheries management into the Pärnu Bay MSP process means mapping and planning not only important fishing grounds but also Essential Fish Habitats and the Habitat Areas of Particular Concern. A guiding principle approach was applied to develop a shared concept of the Pärnu Bay sea area as a place based management area. In addition, the \“learning by doing and seeing” methodology and \“design with nature” approach were implemented and map layers visualization, supported by the BoundaryGIS geoportal, proved to be efficient tools for the participatory processes concerned. As a result, series of biophysical, socioeconomic, and jurisdictional overlays were developed and when combined together they identify in necessary detail the Pärnu Bay MSP pilot area as the sea area for place based management. Keywords: fisheries management, place based management, MSP, Baltic Sea.
fisheries management, place based management, MSP, Baltic Sea