Sustainable Mobility – Analysis Of Sustainable Mobility Measures In Cities
N. L. Sá & J. B. Gouveia
Mobility is assumed as a sine qua non condition on people’s relationships. However, the raising of mobility dependence on the existing energy paradigm has been hazardous to the environment, to the economy and, consequently, to society. In this context began a great necessity to rethink all mobility paradigms and change into more efficient and sustainable cities, in order to preserve present society needs without compromising future generations. One of the most valuable tools used in recent years is the Sustainable Mobility Plans, which have been adopted in several European cities. These are expected to be an efficient measure in achieving the European goals, namely the reduction of CO2 emissions, one of the main causes of Climate Change. This work shows the state of the art of Sustainable Mobility Plans in three territories, as a means to achieve more Sustainable Cities in the near future. The main conclusions of this review are the absence of a standard indicator to measure the mobility in cities, which is as an important issue to develop; the necessity of integrated pull and push measures in cities as a way to change people’s behaviours and the importance of a city’s network on the best practices in mobility and urban planning, to achieve the \“Sustainable City” goal. Keywords: sustainable mobility, mobility plans, energy, transports.
sustainable mobility, mobility plans, energy, transports