Design & Nature arrow Design and Nature V

Design and Nature V


Comparing Design in Nature with Science and Engineering

Edited By: C.A. BREBBIA, Wessex Institute of Technology, UK and A. CARPI, University of Pisa, Italy


Price: USD474.00
ISBN: 978-1-84564-454-3
eISBN: 978-1-84564-455-0
Pages: 624
Book Series: WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment
Series Volume: 138
Published: 2010
Hardback




Book Description


Throughout history, the parallels between nature and human design, in mathematics, engineering and other areas, have inspired many leading thinkers. Today, the huge increase in biological knowledge and developments in design engineering systems, together with the virtual revolution in computer power and simulation modelling, have all made possible more comprehensive studies of nature.

 

Scientists and engineers now have at their disposal a vast array of relationships for materials, mechanisms and control. The resulting laws have been painstakingly assembled by observation and analysis and span the cosmic scale of space down to the molecular level of genetics. In particular, they have made us aware of the rich diversity of the natural world around us.

 

Aimed at providing researchers in this subject with fresh impetus and inspiration, this book consists of papers presented at the Fifth International Conference on Design and Nature. The contributions reflect the rich variety of work currently taking place around the world and cover the following topics: Nature and Architecture; Mechanics in Nature; Natural Materials in Engineering; Solutions from Nature; Biomimetics; Biomimetics and Bioinspiration; Biocapacity; Education in Design and Nature.




Book Contents


Mathematics and music: the architecture of nature
F. Morandi; E. B. P. Tiezzi; R. M. Pulselli;

From bones to columns: deciphering the codes of structures in nature and architecture
G. Berkin;

Natural aggregation processes as models for architectural material systems
K. Dierichs; A. Menges;

Structural morphology and self-organization
E. Stach;

Tensegrity systems in nature and their impacts on the creativity of lightweight metal structures that can be applied in Egypt
W. M. Galil;

An algorithm for constructing a truss network with the modular truss-Z system for pedestrian traffic in a 3D environment
M. Zawidzki;

Victoria regia’s bequest to modern architecture
D. Nielsen;

The relationship between green roofs and the thermal environment in Taipei city
C.-Y. Sun;

The influencing factors of architectural composition and the arrangement of human settlement in Orchid Island
C.-J. Chen; S.-T. Kuo;

Green Corridors as a response for nature: greening Alexandria city by creating a green infrastructure network
S. S. A. Aly; M. S. E. Amer;

The effect of atrium façade design on daylighting in atrium and its adjoining spaces
S. Samant;

Passive solar design: where urban and building design meet
R. H. J. Looman; M. M. E. van Esch;

The hierarchical structure of seashells optimized to resist mechanical threats
M. Yourdkhani; D. Pasini; F. Barthelat;

Characteristic equations with solutions that contain nature’s golden ratio
B. T. Rosson;

Biomechanical analyses of rat locomotion during walking and climbing as a base for the design and construction of climbing robots
E. Andrada; J. Mämpel; A. Schmidt; M. S. Fischer; A. Karguth; H. Witte;

Improvement of mechanical properties of long jute fiber reinforced polylactide prepared by injection molding process
T. Fujiura; T. Okamoto; T. Tanaka; Y. Imaida;

Analysis of the stability of slopes reinforced by roots
F. Gentile; G. Elia; R. Elia;

Effect of grounded bone powder addition on the mechanical properties of cement mortar
M. Kotb; M. Assas; H. Abd-Elrahman;

Microbial fuel and chemical production using sweet potatoes
M. Ntoampe; T. Matambo; D. Glasser; D. Hildebrandt;

Locomotion study of a single actuated, modular swimming robot
M. Fremerey; L. Fischheiter; J. Mämpel; H. Witte;

Rainwater retention capacity of green roofs in subtropical monsoonal climatic regions: a case study of Taiwan
C. F. Fang;

Solutions from nature for building envelope thermoregulation
L. Badarnah; Y. Nachman Farchi; U. Knaack;

Further biomimetic challenges from the bombardier beetle: the intricate chemical production system
A. C. McIntosh; A. Prongidis;

Biomimetics of sound production, synthesis and recognition
G. Rosenhouse;

A novel fabrication set-up for the flexible production of silicone based EAP “artificial muscle” actuators
O. A. Araromi; A. T. Conn; C. S. Ling; S. C. Burgess; R. Vaidyanathan;

Pterodrone: a pterodactyl-inspired unmanned air vehicle that flies, walks, climbs, and sails
S. Chatterjee; B. Roberts; R. Lind;

Relation between biomimetic and functional analysis in product design methodology
I. Lopez Forniés; L. Berges Muro;

Material design of a biomimetic composite material used for a wooden building joint structure
T. Ota; S. Enoki;

Interaction between the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction and lipid membranes: a kinetic investigation
F. M. Pulselli; M. Catalucci; F. Rossi; N. Marchettini;

Biomimetics: networking to turn scientific knowledge into beneficial practice
R. W. Erb;

Electroactive polymer artificial muscles: an overview
F. Carpi; D. De Rossi;

A novel pneumatic actuator with Tensairity
R. H. Luchsinger; M. Bräker;

Magneto-mechanical actuation model for fin-based locomotion
J. P. Carbajal; N. Kuppuswamy;

Bivalve burrowing robots: correlating shell morphology and movement pattern with burrowing efficiency
D. P. Germann; W. Schatz; P. Eggenberger Hotz;

Plant movements as concept generators for deployable systems in architecture
S. Poppinga; T. Masselter; J. Lienhard; S. Schleicher; J. Knippers; T. Speck;

Biomimetic fibre-reinforced composites inspired by branched plant stems
T. Masselter; T. Haushahn; H. Schwager; M. Milwich; R. Nathanson; M. Gude; F. Cichy; W. Hufenbach; C. Neinhuis; T. Speck;

Fruit walls and nut shells as an inspiration for the design of bio-inspired impact resistant hierarchically structured materials
R. Seidel; M. Thielen; C. Schmitt; A. Bührig-Polaczek; C. Fleck; T. Speck;

New attitude in polymers – self-healing
A. Nellesen; A. M. Schmidt; J. Bertling; M. von Tapavicza;

Biotemplating: polysaccharides in materials engineering
C. Zollfrank;

Biological lattices in fast self-repair mechanisms in plants and the development of bio-inspired self-healing polymers
G. Bauer; A. Nellesen; T. Speck;

Easing cracks with the Method of Tensile Triangles
C. Mattheck; C. Wissner; I. Tesari; K. Bethge;

Elastic architecture: nature inspired pliable structures
J. Lienhard; S. Poppinga; S. Schleicher; T. Speck; J. Knippers;

Abstraction of bio-inspired curved-line folding patterns for elastic foils and membranes in architecture
S. Schleicher; J. Lienhard; S. Poppinga; T. Speck; J. Knippers;

Challenging the engineering view: comparative analysis of technological and biological functions targeting energy efficient facade systems
S. Gosztonyi; M. Brychta; P. Gruber;

Skin in architecture: towards bioinspired facades
P. Gruber; S. Gosztonyi;

Invaders decrease the structural complexity of the indigenous community of Chozas Lake
S. Bastianoni; M. Marchi; E. Tiezzi;

“Socio-economic Design and Nature” : a possible representation through ecological footprint
N. Patrizi; C. Capineri; B. Rugani; V. Niccolucci;

A living system for future engineers
K. Jahan; J. W. Everett; S. Farrell; G. Tang; H. Zhang; A. Wenger; M. Noorie;

The pedagogy of bio-design: methodology development
T. Roshko;

Biomimicry: nature’s design process versus the designer’s process
K. J. Rossin;

Archetypes of art and concepts of science as pathways from natural to engineering design
A. A. Berezin;

Natural and artificial helical structures
F. Carpi; A. Carpi; M. A. Russo;

The vectorial organization of the human myocardium is designed for optimal electrical and contractile activity: clinical implications of its alterations
M. Tafani; F. Carpi; E. Morgante; A. Russo; A. Carpi; M. Fini; B. Marino; A. Frustaci; M. A. Russo;






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